What Is The Past Tense Of Shut?
The past tense for shut is shut. The past participle of shut is also the same as the shut past tense. The 3rd person singular of shut is shuts, and the present participle of shut is shutting off.
You can easily memorize the V2 and V3 forms of the irregular verb “shut” because it is the same as V1. You can take a glimpse at the table below about other conjugated forms.
|Simple Present||He/She/It shuts
|Present Continuous||He/She/It is shutting
I am shutting
You/We/They are shutting
|Present Perfect||He/She/It has shut
I/You/We/They have shut
|Present Perfect Continuous||He/She/It has been shutting
I/You/We/They have been shutting
|Simple Past||He/She/It/I/You/We/They shut|
|Past Continuous||I/He/She/It was shutting
You/We/They were shutting
|Past Perfect||He/She/It/I/You/We/They had shut|
|Past Perfect Continuous||He/She/It/I/You/We/They had been shutting|
|Simple Future||He/She/It/I/You/We/They will/shall shut|
|Future Continuous||He/She/It/I/You/We/They will/shall be shutting|
|Future Perfect||He/She/It/I/You/We/They will/shall have shut|
|Future Perfect Continuous||He/She/It/I/You/We/They will/shall have been shutting|
To know how to spell the word shut as natural and correct as native speakers, you can click on and watch the below video:
According to the Macmillan dictionary, the IPA transcription of shut is /ʃʌt/. This transcription is the same in the past participle of shut. Let’s watch the table below for more details.
|Form of word||Pronunciation|
Definitions And How To Use Shut?
What is the shut meaning? The English verb shut has the following meanings:
- To (cause to) close something (a door, window, or drawer, etc.); to become closed
Example: David went into his room and gently shut the door behind him. He was afraid he would wake his wife and children, so he did everything as quietly as possible.
- To (cause to) temporarily or permanently stop operating or being in service (shop, restaurant, etc.), and you cannot go into it
Example: This hospital closed after a series of mistakes in treating patients. Many harsh criticisms shut the hospital’s prestigiousness down.
- When you shut a book/magazine, you can see its cover.
Example: Mary shut the book after 2 hours of focusing on it. Now she can go out and play with her friends.
- When you shut your eyes (often to avoid seeing something unpleasant), you cannot see anything
Example: She shut her eyes and rested after a tiring day of work. The quiet surroundings made it easy for her to fall asleep.
- When your mouth shuts, you press your lips together, and you cannot say a word.
Example: He heard someone calling him at the door but couldn’t reply because his mouth shut to gargle. When he went out, there was no one in sight except a gift basket and an envelope.
Shut in past tense has the same meaning as the base form, and like the past form of other words, shut is used to talk about the action that happened and completed in the past.
- He shut and locked all the windows and doors before leaving the house. The area he lives in recently has a lot of thieves, so he has to be careful.
- This shop has shut down after 20 years of operation because no one continues to succeed. Many customers felt regretful, so they asked the owner to share his cooking secrets.
- She shut the magazine after coming up with the next idea for her photo shoot. Hundreds of lines are sketched in her head to form the perfect collection.
What Are Synonyms And Antonyms Of Shut?
Synonyms of “shut” are: close, lock, push, seal, confine, draw, enclose, exclude, fasten, fold, imprison, secure, slam, batten down, close down, close up, drop the curtain, fold up, put to, shut down, and wall off.
Other words related to “shut” are: phase out, turn off, extinguish, quell, suppress, gag, muzzle, silence, fail, and fold.
According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, antonyms of “shut” are: open, unbar, unbolt, unchain, unfasten, unlatch, unlock, unseal, start, build, and expand.
“Shut” Is a Transitive Or Intransitive Verb?
Shut is both a transitive and an intransitive verb for all the meanings we have provided in the definition.
It is an intransitive verb when an object does not follow it. For example, the door shuts. When it is a transitive verb, it is followed by the object. For example, she shuts the window.
What Are Shut Phrasal Verbs?
The most common phrasal verbs of shut are shut away, shut down, and shut in. Shut away means to remove one’s freedom, shut down means to close a business, and shut in means to prevent somebody from leaving. Shut off, shut out, shut out of, and shut up are also commonly used.
His name is Benjamin Essek – The founder of Grammar Wiki. He is an English native speaker and has joined many English classes, learning communities to support other people with this common language as well.